## Bounds on the minimum distance of linear codes

### Bounds on linear codes [196,9] over GF(2)

 lower bound: 96 upper bound: 96

### Construction

```Construction of a linear code [196,9,96] over GF(2):
[1]:  [7, 4, 3] Linear Code over GF(2)
Puncturing of [6] at 1
[2]:  [6, 3, 3] Linear Code over GF(2)
Shortening of [1] at 1
[3]:  [192, 8, 96] Linear Code over GF(2)
SubcodeWordsOfWeight using weight { 0, 96, 128 } words of [10]
[4]:  [4, 1, 4] Cyclic Linear Code over GF(2)
RepetitionCode of length 4
[5]:  [4, 3, 2] Cyclic Linear Code over GF(2)
Dual of the RepetitionCode of length 4
[6]:  [8, 4, 4] Quasicyclic of degree 2 Linear Code over GF(2)
PlotkinSum of [5] and [4]
[7]:  [7, 3, 4] Linear Code over GF(2)
Shortening of [6] at 1
[8]:  [64, 4, 55] Linear Code over GF(2^3)
BCHCode over GF(8) with parameters 63 54
[9]:  [448, 12, 220] Linear Code over GF(2)
ConcatenatedCode of [8] and [7]
[10]: [192, 11, 92] Linear Code over GF(2)
generalized residue code of [9]
puncturing at the support of a word of weight 256
[11]: [198, 11, 95] Linear Code over GF(2)
ConstructionX using [10] [3] and [2]
[12]: [195, 9, 95] Linear Code over GF(2)
Shortening of [11] at { 1, 2, 3 }
[13]: [196, 9, 96] Linear Code over GF(2)
ExtendCode [12] by 1

```

### From Brouwer's table (as of 2007-02-13)

```Lb(196,9) = 96 is found by adding a parity check bit to:
Lb(195,9) = 95 B2x

Ub(196,9) = 96 follows by the Griesmer bound.
```
###### References
B2x: See A.E. Brouwer & T. Verhoeff, An updated table of minimum-distance bounds for binary linear codes, IEEE Trans. Inform. Th. 39 (1993) 662-677.

### Notes

• All codes establishing the lower bounds were constructed using MAGMA.
• Upper bounds are taken from the tables of Andries E. Brouwer, with the exception of codes over GF(7) with n>50. For most of these codes, the upper bounds are rather weak. Upper bounds for codes over GF(7) with small dimension have been provided by Rumen Daskalov.
• Special thanks to John Cannon for his support in this project.
• A prototype version of MAGMA's code database over GF(2) was written by Tat Chan in 1999 and extended later that year by Damien Fisher. The current release version was developed by Greg White over the period 2001-2006.
• Thanks also to Allan Steel for his MAGMA support.
• My apologies to all authors that have contributed codes to this table for not giving specific credits.

• If you have found any code improving the bounds or some errors, please send me an e-mail:
codes [at] codetables.de

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This page is maintained by Markus Grassl (grassl@ira.uka.de). Last change: 30.12.2011